扩展Azure虚拟机的操作系统磁盘容量(CentOS 7版)

即使在Azure端扩展了OS磁盘的大小,虚拟机中的CentOS端也不会自动扩展该区域。
这是使用fdisk命令删除/dev/sda的主分区1并使用最大容量重新创建它的过程。

[azureuser@TESTVM01 ~]$ sudo fdisk /dev/sda

The device presents a logical sector size that is smaller than
the physical sector size. Aligning to a physical sector (or optimal
I/O) size boundary is recommended, or performance may be impacted.
Welcome to fdisk (util-linux 2.23.2).

Changes will remain in memory only, until you decide to write them.
Be careful before using the write command.


Command (m for help): p

Disk /dev/sda: 1098.4 GB, 1098437885952 bytes, 2145386496 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x000dd16b

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1   *        2048    62914559    31456256   83  Linux

Command (m for help): d
Selected partition 1
Partition 1 is deleted

Command (m for help): n
Partition type:
   p   primary (0 primary, 0 extended, 4 free)
   e   extended
Select (default p): p
Partition number (1-4, default 1): 1
First sector (2048-2145386495, default 2048):
Using default value 2048
Last sector, +sectors or +size{K,M,G} (2048-2145386495, default 2145386495):
Using default value 2145386495
Partition 1 of type Linux and of size 1023 GiB is set

Command (m for help): w
The partition table has been altered!

Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.

WARNING: Re-reading the partition table failed with error 16: Device or resource busy.
The kernel still uses the old table. The new table will be used at
the next reboot or after you run partprobe(8) or kpartx(8)
Syncing disks.

在CentOS 7中,根分区的格式是xfs,因此xfs_growfs用于区域扩展(在ext 4的情况下调整resize 2 fs命令)。

[azureuser@TESTVM01 ~]$ sudo xfs_growfs /dev/sda1
meta-data=/dev/sda1              isize=256    agcount=4, agsize=1966016 blks
         =                       sectsz=512   attr=2, projid32bit=1
         =                       crc=0        finobt=0
data     =                       bsize=4096   blocks=7864064, imaxpct=25
         =                       sunit=0      swidth=0 blks
naming   =version 2              bsize=4096   ascii-ci=0 ftype=0
log      =internal               bsize=4096   blocks=3839, version=2
         =                       sectsz=512   sunit=0 blks, lazy-count=1
realtime =none                   extsz=4096   blocks=0, rtextents=0
data blocks changed from 7864064 to 268173056

成功执行命令后,根分区的区域将扩展为其最大大小。

[azureuser@TESTVM01 ~]$ df -h
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/sda1      1023G  1.3G 1022G   1% /
devtmpfs        2.0G     0  2.0G   0% /dev
tmpfs           2.0G     0  2.0G   0% /dev/shm
tmpfs           2.0G  8.3M  2.0G   1% /run
tmpfs           2.0G     0  2.0G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/sdb1       7.8G   36M  7.3G   1% /mnt/resource
tmpfs           395M     0  395M   0% /run/user/1000
时间: 2019年01月25日下午19:08  |  
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